Apple Helps Burn Calories2012-06-23T14:18:00Z
"Since muscle is very good at burning calories, the increased muscle in ursolic acid-treated mice may be sufficient to explain how the compound reduces obesity.
However, we were surprised to find that it also increased brown fat, a fantastic calorie burner. This increase in brown fat may also help protect against obesity."
Until quite recently, researchers believed that only infants had brown fat, which then disappeared during childhood.
However, improved imaging techniques have shown that adults do retain a very small amount of the substance mostly in the neck and between the shoulder blades.
Some studies have linked increased levels of brown fat with lower levels of obesity and healthier levels of blood sugar and blood lipid, leading to the suggestion that brown fat may be helpful in preventing obesity and diabetes.
The research team, which also included Steven Kunkel, Christopher Elmore, Kale Bongers, Scott Ebert, Daniel Fox, Michael Dyle and Steven Bullard, studied mice on a high-fat diet over a period of several weeks.Agency